Perigee & Apogee

The Lunar Perigee and Apogee Table

All dates and times are Universal time (UTC); to convert to local time add or subtract the difference between your time zone and UTC, remembering to include any additional offset due to summer time for dates when it is in effect.

For each perigee and apogee the distance in kilometres between the centres of the Earth and Moon are given. Perigee and apogee distances are usually accurate to within a few kilometres compared to values calculated with the definitive ELP 2000-82 theory of the lunar orbit; the maximum error over the years 1977 through 2022 is 12-km in perigee distance and 6-km at apogee.

Perigee is when the moon is closest, apogee when it is furthest away.

The closest perigee and most distant apogee of the year are marked with “++” if closer in time to full Moon or “--” if closer to new Moon. Other close-to-maximum apogees and perigees are flagged with a single character, again indicating the nearer phase.

Following the flags is the interval between the moment of perigee or apogee and the closest new or full phase; extrema cluster on the shorter intervals, with a smaller bias toward months surrounding the Earth's perihelion in early January. “F” indicates the perigee or apogee is closer to full Moon, and “N” that new Moon is closer. The sign indicates whether the perigee or apogee is before (“−”) or after (“+”) the indicated phase, followed by the interval in days and hours.

Scan for plus signs to find “photo opportunities” where the Moon is full close to apogee and perigee.

The time it takes for the moon to travel from perigee to perigee, is called the anomalistic month which takes around 27.55455 days. Therefore, the moon will orbit the earth approximately 13 times a year - so there will be about 13 perigee and 13 apogee events per year.

Perigee & Apogee for 2019


Perigee Apogee
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Jan 9 4 :30 406114 km - N+3d 3h
Jan 21 19:59 357344 km F+ 14h Feb 5 9 :27 406555 km -- N+ 12h
Feb 19 9 :60 356761 km -- F- 6h Mar 4 11:26 406390 km - N-2d 4h
Mar 19 19:48 359380 km F-1d 5h Apr 1 0 :15 405576 km N-4d 8h
Apr 16 22:30 364208 km F-2d13h Apr 28 18:20 404576 km N-6d 4h
May 13 21:54 369015 km F-4d23h May 26 13:27 404133 km F+7d16h
Jun 7 23:22 368506 km N+4d13h Jun 23 7 :51 404548 km F+5d23h
Jul 5 4 :55 363727 km N+2d 9h Jul 21 0 :10 405478 km F+4d 2h
Aug 2 7 :90 359397 km N+1d 3h Aug 17 10:51 406243 km - F+1d22h
Aug 30 15:58 357175 km - N+ 5h Sep 13 13:33 406377 km - F- 15h
Sep 28 2 :28 357802 km N- 15h Oct 10 18:30 405901 km F-3d 2h
Oct 26 10:42 361314 km N-1d16h Nov 7 8 :37 405059 km F-5d 4h
Nov 23 7 :55 366720 km N-3d 7h Dec 5 4 :10 404445 km F-7d 1h
Dec 18 20:31 370258 km F+6d15h
Pick Your Own Year