The Lunar Perigee and Apogee Table

All dates and times are Universal time (UTC); to convert to local time add or subtract the difference between your time zone and UTC, remembering to include any additional offset due to summer time for dates when it is in effect. For each perigee and apogee the distance in kilometres between the centres of the Earth and Moon is given. Perigee and apogee distances are usually accurate to within a few kilometres compared to values calculated with the definitive ELP 2000-82 theory of the lunar orbit; the maximum error over the years 1977 through 2022 is 12-km in perigee distance and 6-km at apogee.

The closest perigee and most distant apogee of the year are marked with “++” if closer in time to full Moon or “--” if closer to new Moon. Other close-to-maximum apogees and perigees are flagged with a single character, again indicating the nearer phase. Following the flags is the interval between the moment of perigee or apogee and the closest new or full phase; extrema cluster on the shorter intervals, with a smaller bias toward months surrounding the Earth's perihelion in early January. “F” indicates the perigee or apogee is closer to full Moon, and “N” that new Moon is closer. The sign indicates whether the perigee or apogee is before (“−”) or after (“+”) the indicated phase, followed by the interval in days and hours. Scan for plus signs to find “photo opportunities” where the Moon is full close to apogee and perigee.

Perigee & Apogee for 2012


Perigee Apogee
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Jan 2 20:20 404579 km F-6d11h
Jan 17 21:29 369882 km N-5d10h Jan 30 17:42 404324 km N+7d10h
Feb 11 18:33 367919 km F+3d20h Feb 27 14:20 404862 km N+5d15h
Mar 10 10:20 362399 km F+2d 0h Mar 26 6 :40 405779 km N+3d15h
Apr 7 17:00 358313 km F+ 21h Apr 22 13:50 406420 km - N+1d 6h
May 6 3 :33 356953 km -- F- 0h May 19 16:14 406450 km -- N-1d 7h
Jun 3 13:20 358482 km F- 21h Jun 16 1 :24 405790 km N-3d13h
Jul 1 18:10 362361 km F-2d 0h Jul 13 16:47 404782 km N-5d11h
Jul 29 8 :31 367317 km F-3d18h Aug 10 10:52 404124 km N-7d 5h
Aug 23 19:39 369730 km N+6d 3h Sep 7 6 :10 404295 km F+6d16h
Sep 19 2 :53 365748 km N+3d 0h Oct 5 0 :44 405161 km F+4d21h
Oct 17 1 :30 360672 km N+1d13h Nov 1 15:31 406049 km - F+2d19h
Nov 14 10:22 357360 km - N+ 12h Nov 28 19:35 406364 km - F+ 4h
Dec 12 23:14 357073 km - N- 9h Dec 25 21:20 406099 km - F-2d13h

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